What technologies are subject to the EAR?

Generally, technologies subject to the EAR are those which are in the U.S. or of U.S. origin, in whole or in part. Technologies which tend to require licensing for release to foreign nationals are also dual-use (i.e., have both civil and military applications) and are subject to one or more control regimes, such as the Wassenaar Arrangement, Nuclear Suppliers Group, Missile Technology Control Regime and the Australia Groups (chemical/biological items).