What are export controls?

Export controls are federal laws and regulations that restrict the flow of certain materials, devices and technical information related to such materials and devices outside the U.S. The two main are the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) 15 CFR subchapter C parts 730-774 and the International Traffic and Arms Regulations (ITAR) 22 CFR subchapter M parts 120-130. However, the Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) has authorization over certain aspects and should be consulted.